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Monday, Sep. 1, 2014

Lifestyle changes accompany diabetes

Wednesday, October 17, 2001

SIKESTON - A restricted diet, medication, exercise, no

smoking... There is often a long list of lifestyle

changes that must be made when diagnosed with

diabetes.

The disease can be frustrating and life-altering,

which is why in recognition of National Diabetes

Month, the Daughters of Sunset and Missouri Delta

Medical Center's Diabetes Center have teamed up to

host a diabetes awareness health fair Saturday which

will focus on self management of the disease.

From 11:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. in the Education Room in

the basement of MDMC, residents are invited to be

screened for diabetes then have their questions

answered and concerns addressed by a professional

panel of a variety of individuals knowledgeable about

diabetes. Lunch will be provided.

"We were talking about diseases and people who were

having programs and doing things about it. One of our

members has diabetes and we thought why don't we just

do a program ourselves," said Sue Marble, member of

the Daughters of Sunset and on MDMC's Board of

Directors.

"I talked to Felecia Blanton, public relations person

at the hospital, and she said she'd be glad to help

out and it just started things moving. I do know that

there's a lot of information that people need to find

out about. For instance, they need to know the new

medicines, the machinery and the foot program that's

out there could save a lot of people from losing their

toes and their limbs.

"And I think one thing people should really be careful

about is the disposal of the needles and materials

that they use. It's easy to give yourself a shot and

just carelessly lay a needle down."

Marble believes many individuals' lack of knowledge

about diabetes can be attributed to not having access

to information. "I don't think all of us get that

information or pay attention to it," she said. "Some

of us are less informed because we don't get the paper

or subscribe to magazines that carry information

concerning diabetes."

Diabetes causes the body not to produce or properly

use insulin, which is a hormone that is needed to

convert sugar, starches and other food into energy

needed for daily life.

The cause of the disease remains a mystery, although

both genetics and environmental factors such as

obesity and lack of exercise seem to play roles.

There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 is where the

body does not produce any insulin, which most often

occurs in children and young adults. People with Type

1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to stay

alive. This type accounts for 5-10 percent of

diabetes.

One of every three newly diagnosed adolescents has

Type 2, the most common form of the disease which is a

metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability

to make enough or properly use insulin. The American

Diabetes Association describes this type as nearing

epidemic proportions due to an increased number of

older Americans and a greater prevalence of obesity

and sedentary lifestyles.

"On the panel there will be a nurse practitioner,

ideally there will be a pharmacist, a certified

diabetes educator who is also a registered dietitian

and there will be individuals from the community,"

said Nan Thornton, registered dietitian and certified

diabetes educator through the American Diabetes

Association. "We, being the community, really want to

increase the awareness of diabetes and how an

individual can have control over their diabetes and

learn to live healthy lifestyles that will decrease or

prevent diabetic complications."

She pointed out this is one of the communities with

the highest rate of diabetes in the state. "We have an

increase in sedentary lifestyles, we have an increase

in obesity and we have a pretty high genetic gene pool

of diabetes in this area. All of those factors

combined can relate to the increased prevalence of

diabetes."

Over 270,000 adults in Missouri have diabetes and

minority adults are twice as likely to be diagnosed

with diabetes as non-Hispanic whites. An estimated

1,947,727 Missouri adults are at increased risk for

undiagnosed diabetes because of risk factors including

age, obesity and leisure time physical inactivity.

In 1999, 121,280 Missouri adults were hospitalized due

to diabetes-related complications which included

kidney problems, eye problems, amputations and heart

disease and an additional diagnosis. Also that year,

there were 32,967 emergency visits as a result of

diabetes.

Using 2000 U.S. Census data, estimated medical care

costs for diabetes include an annual direct cost of

$925,000,000 and an annual lost productivity and

premature death cost of approximately $1,150,000,000.

Marble said the upcoming event will enable residents

to find out about diabetes from someone who actually

has it, rather than merely reading about it.

"Each individual who has diabetes has a story to tell

about how they live with it. That information can be

passed on to someone else and it may help. People who

come to the event can talk about their disease and

what they do, you don't have to really let it be a big

problem. Who I would like to see there on Saturday is

the general public, students, people from my

neighborhood and the Sunset area and even people who

don't have the disease but may have a family member

who has it."